Programmers watched sequential 2 moment periods of system time and coded the existence or lack of intimate

Programmers watched sequential 2 moment periods of system time and coded the existence or lack of intimate

Sexual commentary involving homosexual and references that are lesbian have purposes apart from portraying the intimate issues of those teams such as for example usage by right figures to reaffirm their heterosexuality or even to tease someone else. Hence, requirements had been founded to make sure that this product had been coded “yes” for a period only if speak about sex involving nonheterosexual references really addressed sexual dilemmas of gays, lesbians, or bisexuals; otherwise, the feedback had been coded inside their appropriate intimate talk category but did not count toward a yes reaction with this product. For instance, if a character that is male to protect his present dating dry spell and not enough sex-life by asserting, “Well, it isn’t like i am homosexual; i simply have not met the proper girl!” such a comment could have been coded in the primary coding task into the intimate talk category “own/others’ intimate passions or actions” because he produced mention of their sexual fascination with females, however the mention of the maybe maybe perhaps not being homosexual will never have counted toward a confident reaction to the item on mention nonheterosexual intimate problems.

Program Coding.Coder training

When it comes to year that is first content analysis, 16 students (10 females, 6 men) from neighborhood universities served as programmers; within the 2nd 12 months, 13 programmers (8 females, 5 men) have been either present university students or present graduates carried out this content coding. Six associated with the programmers done both analyses that are content. The stages of coder training included orientation towards the coding task and codebook, big group coding of programs not within the sample with supervisors, last but not least specific coding of training programs where programmers evaluated shows independently after which talked about the outcomes period by period in regular conferences. Initial reliability analyses had been carried out on information gathered throughout the specific training period of training to ascertain whenever programmers could continue utilizing the real coding task. The dependability analyses presented below, however, relate genuinely to assessments of coder contract acquired through the coding of a subset of programs within the system samples.

Coding procedures

Programmers watched sequential 2 moment periods of system some time coded the existence or lack of intimate behavior and speak about sex regarding nonheterosexuals. While the coding ended up being restricted to system content and excluded commercials along with other promotions, coders utilized kitchen area timers in addition to counters regarding the videocassette recorders to trace 2 moment periods of system time. Programmers recorded information on scannable kinds for every single period while they viewed it. Although programmers had been permitted to carry information forward (i.e., use information presented in previous periods to know the information in later ones), these people were perhaps perhaps perhaps not permitted to rule backwards (for example., use information learned later in system to return and alter the coding in an early on period). All opening credits and people closing credits associated with content through the present episode (i.e., one last scene) had been coded.

Interrater Reliability Analyses

More or less 11 to 12percent associated with programs into the system examples (n = 157 and n = 154 for the first and second content analyses, correspondingly) had been arbitrarily assigned to two programmers for independent coding and dependability evaluation. After both programmers’ information was indeed recorded and analyzed for dependability purposes, the programmers then came across to eliminate any discrepancies within the two sets of ranks and create your final pair of ranks for the show that has been utilized in information analyses associated with the whole system test. Assessment of dependability had been carried out for a basis that is ongoing the 4 to 5 months it took programmers to accomplish the complete system test every year. Programs out of each and every genre and each system kind had been contained in the dependability analyses. Genres were represented within the double coded samples in approximate percentage for their representation when you look at the program that is overall.

For purposes of dependability evaluation, the amount of 2 moment periods coded for each adjustable pertaining to intimate minorities had been summed over the periods in a episode to measure the regularity with which exact same intercourse intimate behavior and speak about nonheterosexual intimate problems happened within each system episode. This summing lead to converting nominal data (for example., presence/absence) at the 2 moment interval degree into regularity counts during the system degree (wide range of periods by which sex that is same behavior happened in the episode). Consequently, the dependability analyses utilized the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The ICC is an evaluation of this percentage of variance when you look at the measures owing to coder agreement corrected for opportunity. For period information like the regularity matters utilized right here, the ICC is the same as Krippendorf’s alpha (Krippendorf, 1980).

An ICC of .70 had been utilized because the criterion for appropriate dependability. Both products utilized to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes considerably exceeded this criterion. The ICC for exact same intercourse behavior that is sexual .97 in 12 months 1 and .99 in 12 months 2. The ICC for speak about nonheterosexual sexual problems had been .89 in 12 months 1 and .95 in 12 months 2.